The next installment of the monthly methods-focused webinar series hosted by the National Center for CryoEM Access and Training (NCCAT), the Pacific Northwest Center for CryoEM (PNCC), and the Stanford-SLAC CryoEM Center (S2C2) will be held on
Thursday January 27, 2022 at 12 PM eastern / 9 AM pacific time
Professor Melanie Ohi, Affiliate Faculty, Biological Chemistry Research Professor, Life Sciences Institute Professor Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan
Dr. Clarissa Durie, Assistant Professor Department of Biochemistry University of Missouri
Structural analysis of the H. pylori and L. pneumophila type IV secretion system core complexes via Cryo-EM
Talk Abstract: Bacterial pathogens are a threat to global health and have evolved elaborate strategies to infect their hosts, including the deployment of type IV secretion systems (T4SS). These membrane-embedded macromolecular machines transport proteins and DNA across multiple membranes to deliver cargo directly into host cells, thereby colonizing the hosts, transferring antibiotic resistance genes between bacteria, and forming biofilms. Across this broad, diverse family, there is little conservation between the components of T4SSs from different species. To understand how these machines operate, we must first define their components and architecture. By isolating the core complexes of endogenously expressed Cag T4SS from Helicobacter pylori and Dot/Icm T4SS from Legionella pneumophila and determining their 3D structures using cryo-EM, we discovered previously unknown components and revealed distinctive structural features. This work leads to new mechanistic models and lays the foundation to rigorously test models for how the T4SSs in different pathogenic bacteria deliver a remarkably different cargo into host cells during pathogenesis.